Chapter 1: Introduction

With the increasing importance of patents, it is highly advantageous for scientists and business developers to be versed in the field of intellectual property. An understanding of patents is necessary to fully comprehend business opportunities, particularly in the area of agriculture.

In this intellectual property landscape, we analyze the patents, patent applications, claim drafting strategies, and key players in the area of rice (Oryza sativa) genome patents. In particular, we highlight bulk sequence applications and patents and applications with broadening claim language (such as hybridisation and percent identity language). To demonstrate these important aspects of genome patents, we will provide example patents and patent applications from various assignees and discuss their associated claims.

With this landscape and others now present on the Patent Lens, we strive to provide a readable and understandable overview of patents in some key areas of the life sciences. In this way, we hope to contribute to the public awareness of intellectual property issues that surround key research tools. The information in these reports is not exhaustive, but highlights issues that are likely to be of particular importance to those doing work in the area. In this regard, these reports can be used to open the door to the patent world and to provide a platform from which additional self-directed investigation can be performed.

This landscape is NOT intended as a legal opinion or as a substitute for legal advice, nor is it intended to make the user an expert in patents. Furthermore, the nature of the patenting systems worldwide means that new patents and patent applications may appear at anytime.  Similarly, patents may lapse or patent applications may expire or be replaced by new applications. So, although we give extensive coverage of the intellectual property surrounding rice genome sequences, this landscape should be viewed as an insight and snapshot of the subject.

Patent Landscapes are “Works in Progress”

CAMBIA is in the process of developing new tools to enable our readers to use and understand patent information. As we develop these tools, we plan to incorporate new functionality into this and other landscapes. In addition, we are working on exanding our analysis of patenting of the rice genome to include amino acid sequences and additional related nucleotide sequences.