The International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP)

The IRGSP is a consortium of public institutions that was established in 1997 to sequence the rice genome using Nipponbare, a cultivar of Oryza sativa ssp. japonica. It consisted of a number of publicly-funded organisations, including:

Rice Genome Research Program (RGP)
A Japanese-government-funded joint project of the National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS) and the Institute of the Society for Techno-innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (STAFF). The program itself was part of the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) Genome Research Program.

The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR)
A not-for-profit institute involved in the sequencing and analysis of genomes. Based in Rockville, Maryland, USA.

National Center for Gene Research Chinese Academy of Sciences (NCGR)
Established by the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Shanghai local government, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1992. The NCGR was responsible for sequencing chromosome 4 from rice.

Arizona Genomics Institute (AGI)
The AGI, CSHL, Washington University and University of Wisconsin (ACWW) consortium was granted funds in 1999 (from USDA/NSF/DOE/CSREES) to sequence and annotate the short arms of chromsomes 3 and 10 as part of the IRGSP.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL)
A private, not-for-profit, organisation based in Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Involved in sequencing chromosomes 3, 5, 9, 10, and 11 from Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare.

Plant Genome Initiative at Rutgers (PGIR)
PGIR was established to participate in the international efforts to sequence the rice genome.  It is a high-throughput sequencing facility, of medium capacity, also involved in sequencing the maize genome. Based at the Waksman Institute, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey.

Genoscope (France)
The French National Sequencing Center, founded in 1997 in Evry, near Paris. Involved in sequencing chromosome 12 from rice.

Academia Sinica Plant Genome Center (ASPGC)
Based at the Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. Support derived from National Science Council, Council of Agriculture, Academia Sinica and the Institute of Botany. This group was involved in the sequencing of chromosome 5.

Indian Initiative for Rice Genome Sequencing (IIRGS)
Founded through efforts of the Department of Biotechnology, and the Indian Council of Agriculture. The Initiative is based in New Delhi and was involved in sequencing of the long arm of chromosome 11

Korea Rice Genome Research Program (KRGRP)
Sponsored by the Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Korea, under direction of the Science and Technology Policy Institute. The program was responsible for generating more than 100,000 rice ESTs.

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)
Thai component of rice sequencing efforts.

Wisconsin Rice Genome Project (GCOW)
Based at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, within the University of Wisconsin Biotechnology Center. Involved in sequencing chromosome 11.

John Innes Centre (JIC)
An international centre of excellence in plant science and microbiology, based in the  Norwich Research Park, Norwich, UK. Funded by both local and international funding bodies, including the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

Brazilian Rice Genome Initiative (BRIGI)
Involved in sequencing of chromosome 9.

IRGSP adopted an incremental (clone-by-clone) shotgun process so that each sequenced clone can be associated with a specific position on the genetic map. This sequencing process was therefore slower than the whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy adopted by other rice sequencing projects, but the result was the most complete sequence of the entire rice genome. The project was completed 3-years ahead of schedule in 2005 with help from the Monsanto draft rice genome sequence data. Total international funding was ~US$150million (CSREES figures).